A Microscale Reactor and Method for Small Scale Synthesis and Rapid Screening Conditions for the Preparation of Inorganic Nanocrystals, Heterostructured Nanomaterials and Colloidal MaterialsTechnology #ua17-040
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Title: A Microscale Reactor and Method for Small Scall Synthesis and Rapid Screening Conditions for the Preparation of Inorganic Nanocrystals, Heterostructured Nanomaterials, and Colloidal Materials
Invention: The invention is a system for synthesizing a material in a microscale process. This system is comprised of a microreactor vessel with one or more ports configured for receiving reagents and venting, a particulate-filled heating mantle with a cavity configured to hold the microreactor vessel, and a grinder for grinding solid reagents.
Background: Developing reliable and reproducible methods for reaction processes is often a technical challenge. A large scale process would usually require long wait times during a heating and cooling cycle of the process. The reaction may take a few hours to equilibrate at very high temperatures, and a few more hours to cool to room temperature. If an error occurs during this large-scale reaction, for instance, if the reaction is a multi-step process, then not only is a significant amount of material wasted, but there is also an undesirable loss of time and expenses. Moreover, these large-scale reactions often require the use of a traditional thermocoupled heating mantle, which in itself can also have problems due to the thermocouple.
- More effective synthesis of material
- Multicomponent reactions and polymerization (ex. butyl acrylate)
- Small scale and reliable heating/cooling and mixing
- Uniform delivery of reagents at microscale sizes
- A universal process that is applicable to a broad range of inorganic nanocrystal materials
- Focuses on the preparation of semiconductor nanocrystals possessing desirable optical and optoelectronic properties based on “Quantum Dots”